Leviticus 23 (11Q1) – Part I
The Appointed Festivals The book of Leviticus, a reproduction of which (from Chapter 23) will be offered here in near future by Biblical Reproductions, is the third book of the Pentateuch, the Five Books of Moses. It is different from the book that precedes it,...read more
The Psalms “of David.”
Psalm 144, which follows Psalm 133 in the exquistie reproduction offered here by Biblical Reproductions, is marked “of David.” Seventy-three psalms altogether are thus identified in the Bible by a similar superscription (“of David,” “a psalm of David,” “of David. A...read more
What Do the Amulets Say?
Eighteen lines of text make up the first amulet, and twelve lines form the second. Most of the lines in both amulets are broken and incomplete. The first lines of each document are affirmations that the Lord protects and helps those who keep His commandments and...read more
The Suffering Servant of God (4Q57)
The Isaiah Scroll – Part III The portion of Isaiah’s prophecy offered here by Biblical Reproductions contains part of a historical description (Isaiah, Chapter 22) and part of a prophetic denunciation of the nations (Isaiah, Chapter 23) of the events in Judah in the...read more
What is a Mezuzah?
The Hebrew word /mezuzah/ (מזוזה) means doorpost, that part of the door frame that holds up the lintel. The reference is clearly to the twice-repeated commandment in the book of Deuteronomy to write the words of God “on the doorposts of your house and upon your...read more
Zoilos was Here
Finding writing at all is unusual in Biblical archaeology. Finding a piece of such enormous historical importance as “The House of David” inscription was truly an earth-shaking discovery. But it was not the only piece of writing found at the city of Dan. A piece of...read more
A Song of Ascents: Inside the Temple?
Another interpretation of “a song of ascents,” favored by many scholars and commentators, concerns the immediate structure of the Temple itself. Surrounded by a large courtyard, the Courtyard of the Gentiles, to which anybody could come, the Temple itself was defined...read more
The Isaiah Scroll (4Q57) – Part I
Part I - Who Was Isaiah? Twenty-two copies of the Book of Isaiah were found in the collection we know as the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered in caves near Qumran, on the northern shores of the Dead Sea, in 1947 and afterwards. One of the copies (catalogued as 1QIsaª) is...read more